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Thame is an ancient market
town close to the Chiltern Hills. It has a long history dating
from the earliest times. This is reflected in the many old and
interesting buildings including the Parish Church, Market House,
and the timber framed buildings such as the Birdcage.
The town, with
its boat shaped market place, was established by the Bishop
of Lincoln in the 13th century. Due to the local agricultural
industries the town hosted a cattle market, which today is still
in operation on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays.
During the Civil War, the town
passed between Cavaliers and Roundheads on several occasions
with numerous battles nearby. Parliamentarian John Hampden,
the cousin of Oliver Cromwell, fought in the Battle of Chalgrove
and was wounded, returning to Thame where he died at the Greyhound