is the county town of Buckinghamshire and this can be traced
back to the time when Henry VIII was King. Aylesbury was important
in the English Civil War, and the MP at the time John Hampden
was said to be partly responsible for refusing to pay Charles
1st his ship tax. At the Battle of Holman's Bridge in 1642 John
Hampden was the leader of the defense of Aylesbury.
Initially Aylesbury was a small market town from the 13th century, which
really began to expand in 1899 with the introduction and completion
of the railway line. The line ran from Aylesbury to Manchester
and encouraged the development of the town's industry. Small
businesses and retailers increased in the town reflecting the
growing prosperity and population. Local industries benefited
in 1915 by the introduction of the generating works which provided
them with the much needed electricity.
a village within Aylesbury, Stoke Mandeville Hospital played
an important role in World War II as part of the Emergency Medical
Services. During this period industrial estates were also created
for the first time, encouraging a vast amount of industrial
growth in Aylesbury over a short period of time.
Town remained mostly like a market town until the early 1960's
when Aylesbury town centre was redeveloped. The Triangle became
Friars Square Shopping Centre which was replaced during this
time. The County Council building was also constructed in the
1960's. Market Square became pedestrianized in 1984 to protect
the people from the growing number of cars in the town centre.
population has doubled in size since this time, with the further
development of new Housing Estates. The closure of the Cattle
Market during the 1980's and the development of large office
blocks reflects Aylesbury's dramatic change into a large and
commercially successful town.